Present continuous and present simple

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  • Post category:Bahasa Inggris
  • Post last modified:October 8, 2021
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present continuous (I am doing) present simple (I do) We use the continuous for things happening at or around the time of speaking. The action is not complete.

  • The water is boiling. Be careful.
  • Listen to those people. What language are they speaking?
  • Let’s go out. It isn’t raining now.
  • ‘I’m busy.’ ‘What are you doing?’
  • I’m getting hungry. Let’s go and eat.
  • Kate wants to work in Italy, so she’s learning Italian.
  • The population of the world is increasing very fast.

We use the continuous for temporary situations (things that continue for a short time):

  • I’m living with some friends until I find a place of my own.
  • a: You’re working hard today. b: Yes, I have a lot to do.

See Present Continuous for more information.

present simple (I do)

We use the simple for things in general or things that happen repeatedly.

  • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
  • Excuse me, do you speak English?
  • It doesn’t rain very much in summer.
  • What do you usually do at weekends?
  • I always get hungry in the aft ernoon.
  • Most people learn to swim when they are children.
  • Every day the population of the world increases by about 200,000 people.

We use the simple for permanent situations (things that continue for a long time):

  • My parents live in London. They have lived there all their lives.
  • Joe isn’t lazy. He works hard most of the time.

See Present Simple for more information.

I always do and I’m always doing

I always do something = I do it every time:

  • I always go to work by car. (not I’m always going)

I’m always doing something = I do it too oft en or more oft en than normal. For example:

I’m always losing them = I lose them too oft en, or more oft en than normal.

  • Paul is never satisfied. He’s always complaining. (= he complains too much)
  • You’re always looking at your phone. Don’t you have anything else to do?

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